FSSAI has issued a Gazette notification on November 5, 2019 to include the standards for Decaffeinated Coffee products in the existing regulations. The amended regulations may be called as; Food Safety and Standards (Food Products Standards and Food Additives) Fourth Amendment Regulations, 2019. The food authority has further said that they shall come into force on the date of their publications in the official Gazette.
In the existing regulations; Food Safety and Standards (Food Products Standards and Food Additives) Regulations, 2019 and the sub-regulation 2.10.2 relating to Coffee after clause 1 relating to Coffee, the following clause shall be inserted as;
“1A. DECAFFEINATED ROASTED AND GROUND COFFEE
1A.1 Decaffeinated Coffee means, the dried seeds of Coffea arabica, Coffea liberica, Coffea excelsa or Coffea canephora (Robusta) or with their husks (mesocarp and endocarp) removed and decaffeinated to remove nearly all the caffeine from the beans. Decaffeination is carried out while the beans are in green form, before they are roasted.
1A.2 Roasted decaffeinated coffee means properly cleaned green coffee which has been decaffeinated, roasted to a brown colour and has developed its characteristic aroma.
1A.3 Ground decaffeinated coffee means the powdered products obtained from ‘roasted decaffeinated coffee’ only and shall be free from husk.
1A.4 It shall be free from artificial colouring, flavouring, facing, extraneous matter or glazing substances and shall be in dry and fresh condition, free from rancid or obnoxious flavours. It shall conform to the following standards on dry weight basis, namely: –
(i) Moisture, percent by mass, max 5.0
(ii) Total Ash, percent by mass 3.0 to 6.0
(iii) Acid insoluble ash, percent by mass, max 0.1
(iv) Water soluble ash, percent by mass, min 65.0
(v) Alkalinity of soluble ash in ml of 0.1 N
hydrochloric acid per gram of material, percent by
mass, ml 3.5 to 5.0
(vi) Aqueous extracts, percent by mass 26.0 to 35.0
(vii) Caffeine (anhydrous) percent by mass, max 0.1”;
The amended regulations further states;
After clause 2 relating to “Soluble Coffee Powder” the following clause shall be inserted, namely:-
“2A. DECAFFEINATED SOLUBLE COFFEE POWDER
2A.1 Decaffeinated soluble coffee powder means coffee powder obtained from freshly roasted and ground pure coffee beans from which most of the caffeine has been removed. The product shall be in the form of a free flowing powder or shall be in the agglomerated form (granules) having colour, taste and flavor characteristic of coffee. It shall be free from impurities and shall not contain chicory or any other added substances.
2A.2 Decaffeinated Soluble Coffee powder or granules shall conform to the following standards on dry weight basis, namely:
(i) Moisture, percent by mass, Max 4.0
(ii) Total Ash percent by mass, Max 12.0
(iii) Caffeine (Anhydrous,) percent by mass, Max 0. 3
(iv) Solubility in boiling water Dissolves in 30 seconds with
(v) Solubility in cold water at 16+/- 2°C Dissolve in 3 minutes with
FSSAI has also amended the existing standards for packaged drinking water as follows:
(b) in sub-regulation 2.10.8 relating to “Packaged Drinking Water (other than Mineral Water)”, in Table 3, relating to “General parameters concerning substances undesirable in excessive amounts”, for the Serial nos. 15 and 16 the following entries shall be substituted, namely:-
Calcium (as Ca), mg/l
20 to 75
Magnesium (as Mg), mg/l