Most often the milk sold in India does not conform to FSSAI standards and may either be contaminated or substandard which makes it unsafe for human consumption. Neutralizers, urea and detergents are some of the common contaminants. What many small farmers may not know is that Skimmed Milk Powder cannot be added to milk that is sold without marking.
The onus of providing safe and high quality foods falls on the food industry. However, the Apex Regulator updates standards or makes amendment to the regulations if it finds that changes are required according to new situations and after risk assessment has been analysed.
To ensure that standards are being maintained in the Dairy Industry, FSSAI has released an order on January 14, 2015. The order says that the licensing and registration process for the Dairy Industry under the FSS Act 2006 has been rationalized.
In the order, FSSAI says; those small dairy business operators who work from fixed establishments like shops and those operating inside market ‘mandis’ from a designated spot or place will now have to obtain license/registration to carry out their dairy operations in these places.
In the rural areas too some changes have been made. Milk collection centres, that collect raw milk from individual village farmers, do not need to obtain individual license or registration. However, these rural milk collection centres whether they have or do not have chilling facilities must
- work under the supervision of licensed chilling plants, processing plants and such organizations
- be listed in the Annexe to the license of these overseeing licensed chilling centres, processing plants, organizations
These rural milk collection centres and also the licensee chilling/ processing plant or other organization must display a copy of their license in their premises and in a place that is prominent. All other Food Business Operators, with the exception of these rural, supervised milk collection centres are required to obtain individual license or registration from FSSAI.